Note: All rights reserved. No part of these publications may be downloaded, reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of Nature Iraq
1. Biodiversity Conference Report
This is a report of a conference that was held in Aqaba, Amman, from 20 to 23th of Oct. 2008. During the conference, the nine members of Nature Iraq team led by Nature Iraq founder Azzam Alwash gave presentations summurizing thier works in different areas in Iraq, with a particular focus on ornithology, and exhibited a set of photos documenting life
in southern Iraq.
2. Water Buffalo in the Iraqi Marshes, Thi Qar and Missan
In May 2006, Nature Iraq Started a project to study water buffalo in the marshes of Southren Iraq. The goals of this project were to provide needed information regarding the status of bufflo following the reflooding the marshands, as well as gathering basic data for future plans and studies.
3. Darbandikhan Basin Project
Preliminary Field, Lap Report and results by Korsh Ararat, Raid Abdul Mehdi, Haider Ahmed Falih, and Ali Mohammed Maher and edited by Anna Bachmann and was done in September 2008. Darbandikhan Lake is one of the three largest lakes in the Kurdistan Region - Iraq. This lake and the surrounding areas is a biological divers area for wildlife and listed as an important Bird Area in Iraq by BirdLife International. Many people benefit from this lake and it's waters for drinking, irrigation, fishing, and as a beautiful site used by many for recreation. Also, the Darbandikan Dam is an important source of electricity. Darbandikhan Lake is currently at a high risk due to pollution by sewage and municipal wastes. It's water level threatened by current severe drought affecting the region as a whole and by work in Iran to install a dam on the Sirwan River and other dams that have been already constructed.
4. Habitat Mapping and Monitoring Project
This report is based on a survay that was conducted in June 2008 as well as a review of a past work with the effort and support of many people. The Habitat Project started as an idea from Nature Iraq's Italian pratners. The goal of this project was to moniter the Iraqi marshlands in a new way by applying remote sensing and satellite imaging technology. This would lessen the efforts and the needs to make monitoring and field trips except in cases where satellite images show some changes in the area. To carry out this project, the work was divided into three steps: first; discussions and planning, second ; land cover survey, and third; description or definition of habitats.
5. Key Biodiversity Area (KBA) Reports
This program started in 2005 as part of a partnership with the Iraqi Ministry of Environment and international experts and support from BirdLife International, the Canada-Iraq Marshland Initiative, the Italian Ministry of Environment, Land & Sea, the Ford Foundation, UNDP, OSME, RSPB, British Birds and many others. Most of the field work ended in 2010 and a book of the findings from the program is in preparation, which lists over 80 Key Biodiversity Areas or KBAs throughout Iraq.
The summary of the book is provided here but for more information on the KBAs of Iraq please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
6. Nature Iraq Activities Report for year 2015
7. Animal and Bird Trade and Hunting in Iraq - NI
8. New Eden 10 Year Report 2003 - 2013
9. The Mosul Dam:
Turning a Potential Disaster into a Win-Win Solution
By Azzam Alwash,
Water management issues in the Middle East will continue to be a source of tension in a region that suffers no lack of causes for conflicts. The current problems posed by the Mosul Dam may be an opportunity to show how a collaborative region-wide solution can become a first step on the road to new ways of imaginative thinking in the region.
10. Nature Iraq Activities Report for year 2016
Newsletter ( Advocacy Project)
Azzam et al. (2018). Towards Sustainable Water Resources Management in Iraq [Report]
The Task Force for the Future of Iraq’s Water Resources convened at a time of unprecedented environmental crisis in the Tigris-Euphrates River basin. Iraq’s water crisis made global headlines in early June 2018, when Turkey began filling the 10.4 billion cubic meter capacity Ilisu dam, but the crisis is complex and has been developing over a forty-year period. This report starkly displays the metrics of the crisis, with focus on:
– Iraq’s National Water Resources Strategy
– Iraq’s integrated water resources plan
– Short, mid and long-term policy measures to sustain demand
– Alternative water resources
– Environmental policies and climate change impact
– International law, policies and legal framework
– The Water and Energy Nexus
– The role of technology, engineering and the economy in water resources management.
The Need for Middle East Economic Confederal Union
The following paper explores the common geo-economic interests of Middle Eastern countries on water, energy, trade and security. It comprises three contributions, an introduction to the proposed goal of an Economic Confederal Union, with some background on the energy nexus in the region by Luay al-Khatteeb and two arguments describing how this can work in the water and electricity sectors, by Azzam Alwash and Harry Istepanian.
1. Key biodiversity Areas
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are places of international importance for their biological diversity. Their conservation is often achieved through protected area networks and other legal protections. They are identified nationally using simple, standardized criteria, based on their importance in maintaining habitats and populations of species. Read more
3. Birds of Iraq
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4. Children's Bird Guide
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5. Raptors Trading
Iraq is considered one of the main pathways for migratory raptors passing through to wintering grounds in Arabia and Africa. There are also a lot of resident abd breeding birds of prey. Forty-seven species of birds of prey (including owls) were recorded in Iraq. Every year the local animal markets in Iraq exhibit thousands of captured wild birds from small passerines to large birds of prey. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have Red List for endangered species that frequantly present at the markets. Exclusive information was also obtained from hunters/trappers, falconry associations, and animal shop owners about the main species targeted and sold during 2009-2010. In order to develop future conservation efforts to protect falcon species, one goal of these surveys was to determine which species were most popular and prized for capture and sale.
6. Challenges Facing Iraq's Environment
This article presents a summary of environmental issues in Iraq, with a particular emphasis on water, air quality, land use, and biodiversity. Fast and immediate remedies should be put in place to prevent further degradation of ecosystems in Iraq and start the healing process.
7. Conservation of Iraqi Mammals
Scientific research on mammals in Iraq has not been conducted in over 30 years and requires special training, methods, and equipment not currently available within Iraq. Based on current knowledge about the conservation status of many animals, we must conclude that the local conservation status of many of these species within Iraq is potentially threatened. The native mammals of Iraq pose no significant danger to humans, display a very low incident rate for rabies and other diseases.
8. Hope for the Tigris? Status of the Ilisu Dam
This article shows the decision of building the Illisu Dam on the Tigris River in Eastren Turkey. This Dam is a part of wider project called the Southeastren Anatolia Project, or GAP, in order to bring development to Southren Turkey. However, in order to do the project, more than 83 archaeological sites including the ancient town of Hasankeyf and between 50,000 to 80,000 people will have to relocate. The Dam will also affect many vulnerable species that call the area home. Last but not least, the Dam will affect the amount of water coming to Iraq and its quality.
9. Environmental Legal Guide For Laws In Kurdistan Region & Iraq
This guide written in three languages (Kurdish, Arabic and English) explains the basic environmental laws of the country and the region and the rights of its citizens to take action.
10. CATnews Newsletter
CATnews is the newsletter of the Cat Specialist Group,
a component of the Species Survival Commission SSC of the
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
It is published
twice a year, and is available to members and the Friends of
the Cat Group.
11. Wildlife Middle East News
Wildlife Middle East News is published quarterly. It contains papers, reports, letters and announcements
submitted by veterinarians, biologists, conservationists, educators, and other animal care professionals
working with captive andfree-living wildlife in the Middle East region.
12. Peramagroon: Profile of a Kurdish Mountain
This booklet provides a snapshot of the natural and human environment of Peramagroon mountain near Sulaimani in Iraqi Kurdistan. It is intended provide a stimulus to encourage research aimed at providing data to underpin informed decision-making on matters concerned with sustained rural livelihoods and conserving the rich biodiversity of Kurdistan. It is hoped that the booklet will also be of interest to a wider audience by giving a picture of the present environmental and cultural status of one of the most beautiful areas in Iraq.
13. Environmental Activities for Schools
Iraq is rich in biodiversity and biological heritage. For its size Iraq has an enormous wealth of landscapes and habitats including everything from snow covered mountains, majestic rivers, arid deserts and plains, montane woodlands and grasslands, luxuriant agricultural regions to the unique marshlands of the south. Iraq also has a rich cultural heritage. The first cities in the world were established in ancient Sumeria in the south of the country. Agriculture was invented over 10,000 years ago in the northern mountains where crops such as barley, wheat, peas and lentils were first grown. This great diversity of habitats together with the impact of man over thousands of years has shaped the present day environment of Iraq and has resulted in the development of a remarkably rich “biodiversity”, that is a large number of different types of plants and animals.
14. Evidence for persistence and a major range-Folia Zoologica
15. Zoology in the Middle East
“Do recent leopard Panthera pardus records from northern Iraq and south-eastern Turkey reveal an unknown population nucleus in the region?” article has been published in Zoology in the Middle East Volume 62 No. 2, June 2016.
Batur Avgan, Hana Raza, Muhammadsaddik Barzani and Urs Breitenmoser.
19. Brownbook Magazine